By editor on:- 2018-10-23 10:10:28.
The rich cultural heritage of the India is manifested in its various handicrafts and folk art spread across the country. The method of creation of these handicraft products vary in the different regions of the country, but the techniques used are same, as it were used in the ancient times. All handicraft items are made by the skill of the artists who are engaged in the production of such items. As the name suggests, the handicraft items are not made by machinery or by modern techniques.
Each handicraft items represents the cultural identity of the people who are engaged in its making. The culture of handicraft items and its presence is equal in all part of the country. TheKashmir in the north India makes woollen carpets, and papermishe products. The artists of the Moradabad make varied brass decorative items. Many north Indian states create woodwork, make jute items, leather products,pottery, bambooitems etc. in fact every state has something to offer to the lovers of handicraft items. The pashmina shawls,phulkari, bandhani sarees and dress material, chanderi sarees, tribal jewellery, and uppada sarees and other silk sarees, are other famous handicraft products of the country.
The interesting fact about the handicraft of the country is that it survived throughout the ages without noticeable changes in the procedures of products and methods involved in their creation. There are two major reasons for this continuation of the same arts for centuries. Thefirst, the rural India remained unaffected by the political changes of the country. The dynasties came and ruled for a while and were overthrown by other dynasties, but the life and traditions of the rural India remain same without any change throughout the centuries. Second, the political class hardly changed the economic or social scene of the rural India. Only after the arrival of the British, the mass production of goods changed the life for local artists. But they still got some space to continue with their traditional items and methods in the native states, ruled by various royal families of the country. Afterindependence, the government supported the traditional industry and artists to revive them.
The Indian handicrafts are the symbol of exclusivity, beauty in simplicity, dignity and style. These handicrafts are divided into three categories; folk craft, religion craft and commercial craft. The artists modified the popular folk craft to meet the market demand, thus creating the commercial craft. Many handicraft items are made for ritual and rites associated with the faith of different communities of the country.
The other variety in the art and handicraft of the India are produced by various tribes and regions of the country. Naturally for a country that encompasses various geographically and culturally diverse regions, every part has its own folk arts. The folk art of the country showcase the distinct cultural and traditional identities of the country.
The tribal of the country leaving in far flung areas of the country have their own art and culture, which is given the single name, tribal culture and art. All forms of tribal art and folk art are simple, but at the same time they are vibrant and colourful and display the joy and nature of the people behind them.
Painting, a major part of the folk art in India-
The folk art not only manifests through handicraft items, but the paintings are the highly visible form of folk art. The rural painting, designed by the local artists with the local ingredients, bear distinctive designs, treated with mystical and religious motifs. Some famous paintings in folk art are,Madhubaniof Bihar,Patachitra of Odisha,Warli painting of Maharashtra, Nirmal of Andhra Pradesh, and pahari painting of hilly regions of north India. Most of the painting depict the local legends, heroes and deities. They also narrate through images the folklores.
The Rajasthan miniature painting occupy a special place in the folk art of the country. The art was introduced by the Mughal, but several Indian artists started developing their own style and Rajput style of painting was born. There are several schools of painting in the states.
Some of the paintings, like Madhubani of Bihar, is also done on the freshly plastered or mud walls. Some of these works, like Madhubani painting are done by woman,though, man are also doing now. On the other hand, the woodwork, brass work and creation of papier-mâchéproducts is exclusive work by man. The bandhani creation is done by both man and woman belonging to the same families.
The folk art of the country is so rich that is stretches to pottery, decorative arts, home decorations, cloth making,etc. all these art forms are major attraction for foreigners who are attracted by their ethnicity and traditional beauty.
Tribal Art And Folk Art -
The other major items of the folk art are, dances of different regions of the country. The bhangra of Punjab, dandiya of Gujarat, and bihu of Assam are some prominent names in this category. All these manifestations of joy are cultural heritage of their respective regions. The folk dances are associated with the joys celebrations, such as harvest seasons, arrival of spring, birth of child, marriage celebrations or festivals,etc.
The tribal art, their products and culture is protected by the various rules and regulations of the country. The government of the country also from time to time, organize fairs, exhibitions and grand events to promote the tribal art, and help the tribal artists sell their products to customers in various cities of the country. Thetribal of the country live a rich life amid the natural surroundings, which is reflected in their dances,music, handicraft products and paintings.
There are various outlets where the customers can buy the handicraft products, tribal products and traditional painting of various parts of the country. The online site has also made it possible to view varied items on display and order the products or items without moving out to the far flung areas of the country. The online site buy only the genuine products from the local artists.